CDC Investigates Marburg Virus Outbreaks in Africa, Advises Certain Travelers to Watch for Symptoms

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is dispatching its personnel to Africa to aid in the containment of Marburg virus outbreaks and is advising travelers to specific countries to take precautionary measures. Furthermore, the CDC is implementing measures to prevent infections from spreading to the United States.

Equatorial Guinea and Tanzania are currently experiencing their first recorded cases of the Marburg virus, a highly infectious disease similar to Ebola, which causes uncontrollable bleeding and fever. In response to the outbreak, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has advised travelers to these countries to stay away from individuals displaying signs of illness and to remain vigilant for any symptoms for up to three weeks after leaving the affected areas. For those traveling to Equatorial Guinea, the CDC recommends taking extra precautions and avoiding nonessential travel to the provinces currently experiencing an outbreak.

The US agency is taking measures to prevent the spread of the virus by posting notices in international airports, which are often the entry point for many travelers. The notices will advise travelers to be vigilant for symptoms of the virus for a period of 21 days and to seek medical assistance immediately if they begin to experience any symptoms. Additionally, travelers will receive a text reminder to remain alert for any signs of the virus.

as comprehensive as its Emergency Operations Center created for Covid-19 and mpox. The focus will be on reorienting the efforts and concentration of the National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases staff to tackle the outbreaks, which have emerged in two African countries located at different ends of the continent. This highlights the spread of the lethal hemorrhagic fever.

Equatorial Guinea, a West African coastal country, reported a Marburg virus disease outbreak in mid-February that has affected multiple provinces. The World Health Organization stated that as of March 22, there were 13 confirmed cases, with nine fatalities and one recovery. To help combat the outbreak, nine CDC personnel have been deployed and have established a field laboratory, aiding in testing, case identification, and contact tracing efforts.

Tanzania, located on the East African coast, declared an outbreak of Marburg virus disease on March 21. The CDC reports that two villages in the Kagera region have reported cases, with eight confirmed cases and five deaths as of March 22. The CDC’s permanent office in Tanzania is aiding with the outbreak and is sending additional staff to support these efforts.

The Marburg virus is a highly lethal disease that can cause symptoms such as fever, chills, muscle pain, rash, sore throat, diarrhea, weakness, and unexplained bleeding or bruising. This virus is primarily transmitted through contact with contaminated body fluids and surfaces. Infected animals can also transmit the disease to humans. Unfortunately, the fatality rate for the Marburg virus is quite high, with around half of those infected not surviving the illness. Other African countries have had to manage outbreaks of the Marburg virus in the past.

Identifying the early stages of the infection can be challenging as the symptoms may resemble those of other illnesses. Therefore, having a travel history to the affected countries is crucial in assisting healthcare professionals to identify and diagnose the disease accurately. This information can help clinicians differentiate this infection from other illnesses and provide timely treatment to the patients.

One thought on “CDC Investigates Marburg Virus Outbreaks in Africa, Advises Certain Travelers to Watch for Symptoms

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *